Plants

A fern rhizome under a microscope
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A fern rhizome under a microscope


This is a vascular bundle of Pterídium aquilínum: it's basically the blood vessels of plants!

 



A spectacular 100 million years old tree ferm stem
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A spectacular 100 million years old tree ferm stem


Protopteris singeri used to live in Central Europe during the Cretaceous period

 



An amazing trident maple bonsai!
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An amazing trident maple bonsai!


Trident maple is often used to create bonsais because it produces ramifications very quickly

 



India contributes to 75% of the global spice production
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India contributes to 75% of the global spice production


 



To hasten fruit ripening, they are exposed to ethylene gas
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To hasten fruit ripening, they are exposed to ethylene gas


Ethylene gas (C2H4) is also used to induce flowering. It is widely used in the chemical industry, and its worldwide production (over 150 million tonnes in 2016) exceeds that of any other organic compound

 



What does this plant look like?
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What does this plant look like?


Calceolaria uniflora comes from South America. Its shape could help attract pollinators.

 



The balls in the trees are a parasite
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The balls in the trees are a parasite


It's called mistletoe, and it lives by sucking water and nutrients from the trees

 



Hyperion, the tallest tree in the world!
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Hyperion, the tallest tree in the world!


This sequoia is 115m tall (379 ft), and might be 800 years old

 



The Indian lotus can heat its flowers
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The Indian lotus can heat its flowers


Flowers stay warm at 86 degrees Farenheit even when the air temperature is around 50. Researchers suspect they do so to attract pollinators

 



Never touch these leaves!
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Never touch these leaves!


The Gympie Gympie produces a toxin so painful that it drove people to suicide. The pain has been described as being sprayed with acid and electrocuted at the same time

 



The Jabuticaba tree, native to Brazil
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The Jabuticaba tree, native to Brazil


Its fruits grow directly from the trunk, as is the case for cocoa

 



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Have you heard of Mexican jumping beans?


This seed looks alive because of a larva living inside it

 



Cashews are actually the seeds of cashew apples
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Cashews are actually the seeds of cashew apples


They are always sold de-shelled because their shells are as toxic as poison ivy

 



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A carnivorous plant Dionaea muscipula catches a grasshopper


 



The honeypot ant has a specialized worker filled with honey
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The honeypot ant has a specialized worker filled with honey


It serves as a living larder for other ants to feed on